Ryazantsev S.V., Smirnov A.V., Serra Truzzi O.M., Ruseishvili S. Emigration from the Russian Empire to Brazil in the late XIX and early XX сenturies. Bylye Gody. 2023. Vol. 18. No. 2. Pp. 842-857.



Ryazantsev S.V., Smirnov A.V., Serra Truzzi O.M., Ruseishvili S. Emigration from the Russian Empire to Brazil in the late XIX and early XX сenturies. Bylye Gody. 2023. Vol. 18. No. 2. Pp. 842-857.
ISSN 2310-0028
DOI: 10.13187/bg.2023.2.842
EDN: HQOIKO
РИНЦ: https://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?id=53984299

Размещена на сайте: 25.06.23

Текст статьи на сайте журнала URL: https://bg.cherkasgu.press/journals_n/1685968502.pdf (дата обращения 25.06.2023)

Статья на англйиском языке

Ссылка при цитировании:

Ryazantsev S.V., Smirnov A.V., Serra Truzzi O.M., Ruseishvili S. Emigration from the Russian Empire to Brazil in the late XIX and early XX сenturies. Bylye Gody. 2023. Vol. 18. No. 2. Pp. 842-857. DOI: 10.13187/bg.2023.2.842. EDN: HQOIKO.
Ryazantsev S.V., Smirnov A.V., Serra Truzzi O.M., Ruseishvili S. Emigration from the Russian Empire to Brazil in the late XIX and early XX сenturies. Bylye Gody. 2023. 18(2): 842-857. DOI: 10.13187/bg.2023.2.842 DOI: 10.13187/bg.2023.2.842.

Авторы:

Ryazantsev S.V.,  .., Серра Труцци О.М., Русеишвили С.

Аннотация

Brazil in the second half of the 19th century, with large areas of unpopulated land and experiencing a shortage of workers, began to actively attract the population of European countries to settle its territory. Atthe end of the 19th century, a significant number of immigrants came from the Russian Empire, represented by various ethnic and religious groups. The aim of the article is to analyze the scale, ethnic and socio-demographic structure of the migration flow from the Russian Empire to Brazil in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. Materials of the pre-revolutionary sources of the end 19th – beginning 20th centuries, first, periodicals served as the base of the study. Emigration was caused by external and internal reasons. External causes included: Brazil's immigration policy of attracting labor with the provision of free travel, incentive payments to steamship companies, and the work of emigration agents. Internal causes: unfavorable economic situation, famine caused by crop failures in 1889 and 1891; presence of many landless and land-poor peasants; low wages. Emigration from the Russian Empire began in 1870–1880, reaching its peak in 1891 with 109,000 people. The migration flow from Russia to Brazil was represented mainly by Poles, Jews, and Germans (mostly Mennonites). It was mainly the population of the Prislinna and southern provinces who left. Ethnic Russians and Orthodox until the early 20th century predominantly participated in the processes of internal migration, moving to the east of the country. The absence of Russian and Orthodox populations in the migration flows was due to a lack of information about the opportunities open to migrants in the New World.

 

Ключевые слова:

emigration immigration migration policy Brazil Russian Empire Privislinsky krai Poles Jews Germans Mennonites

Оглавление

Рубрики:

Социология



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