Rabat L., Gadzhimuradova G.I. The Historical Development of Decentralisation in Syria. Vostok (Oriens). 2022. No. 6. Pp. 101111.



Rabat L., Gadzhimuradova G.I. The Historical Development of Decentralisation in Syria. Vostok (Oriens). 2022. No. 6. Pp. 101111.
ISSN 0869-1908
DOI: 10.31857/S086919080020201-8

: 14.01.23

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Rabat L., Gadzhimuradova G.I. The Historical Development of Decentralisation in Syria. Vostok (Oriens). 2022. No. 6. Pp. 101111.
Rabat L., Gadzhimuradova G.I. The Historical Development of Decentralisation in Syria. Vostok (Oriens). 2022. No. 6. Pp. 101111. DOI: 10.31857/S086919080020201-8

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Rabat L.., Gadzhimuradova G.I.

This article presents a comparative historical analysis of the development of decentralization in Syria during three historical stages: under the Ottoman empire, during the French mandate, and in the period after the country became independent. The purpose of this research is to reveal patterns that explain the current state of decentralization in Syria today. Primary sources such as legislative decrees and constitutions, as well as secondary scholarly and analytical sources are used in this work to analyse the development of decentralization in Syria. This article identifies different aspects in which the local administration system today has been influenced by previous laws and practices developed by previous governments, namely the countrys administrative-territorial division, the concentration of power at the local level with centrally appointed persons, and the perception of decentralization as a threat to security. Despite many constitutions and legislations throughout Syrias history mentioning decentralization and empowering local administrative units, governance remains a highly centralized process, giving elected local administrative units limited powers and responsibilities. The securitization of administrative processes as well as prioritizing economic, political, military, and other elite interests throughout Syrias history have been obstacles to decentralising powers and redistributing responsibilities to local administration bodies. However, due to the development of events on the ground in Syria since the beginning of the crisis in 2011, different views on the best form of decentralization for the countrys future and the role it can play at this important stage of the countrys history began to appear in the Syrian society.

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administrative-territorial division decentralization devolution of powers centralization center-local relations Syrian Arab Republic

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